There are 105 religious buildings that provide insight into the old owners of this hidden paradise, which has been erected by steep slopes and from the outside world, in the Ihlara Valley of Aksaray. In the early days of Christianity, monks and priests were drawn to the seclusion and their self-righteousness was a place of refuge for those who fled the wars between these steep rocks. The churches, monasteries, tombs and shelter areas, which were carved into the rocks and connected with the tunnels, formed a city of valleys that did not lead to a trip. In the valley where there are enough surprises to meet the underground churches in the narrowing straits while walking, only 14 of the 105 buildings survived because of the previous ones. From these 14 churches, there are 2 Belis˝rma Church which can be made clear. The first floors of most churches, which were built on three floors, are filled with alluviums brought by Melendiz. The story of the churches in the Ihlara Valley, which is a very important center for the Christian world, has a history as deep as the valley and continues from the 4th century until the 11th century. In the 11th century, the Seljuks, who had seized the region, did not allow the church to be built again, but it did not prevent the continuation of worship in the churches that were built before.
Wondering how people lived here at the time while visiting the churches and shelter carved out of the rock in the valley. If you think that life in such a nature and between the sheltered rocks is careless and carefree, you are wrong. Many epidemics occurred in Ihlara Valley. The mummies who died of smallpox and mummies, even the hair strands of the children, moved from the tombs of the churches to the Aksaray Museum.